Mustang Trekking
Mustang

Mustang, or Lo as it is known by the inhabitants, is a mysterious high plateau tucked behind the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri Massifs in north central Nepal. The area is actually the top of a watershed, the headwaters of what becomes the mighty Kali Gandaki River, which then runs southward through the world's deepest gorge. In the rain shadow of the huge Himalayan peaks, though, this area is dry and windswept, ruggedly sculpted and mostly devoid of vegetation. The region offers dramatic and unique geography for those who only have seen the more familiar green, forested landscape of the rest of Nepal.

With a cultural history that is as intriguing as the landscape, Mustang has piqued the curiosity of many Himalayan adventurers, and only recently was it opened for limited visitation. Historically a vital trading route between Tibet and India, the trail into Mustang is lined with the fascinating remains of forts that served as tax collection out posts. Settlements in Mustang were fortified, a testament to its turbulent history. More recently, in the late 1950s and 60s, the area was a center for Khampas, guerrilla's who were trained and armed by the US C.I.A. to resist the Chinese Army's occupation of Tibet.

There are records that outline events stretching back to the eighth century, and from the writings of the Tibetan poet Milarepa it is known that the unique form of Buddhism called Sakyapa has been practiced here since 1073. This form of Buddhism lacks the more familiar metaphysical aspect; it is more worldly and practical, perhaps in response to the unforgiving environmental pressures in this area.

Throughout recent decades, the Nepalese Government had maintained total restriction on visitation to this area. The democratic change of government of 1990 and the increasing international pressures for a more open Nepal have coincided to remove these restrictions. Since 1991, limited visitation has been allowed, providing the trekking party meets strict environmental requirements and pays a substantial amount for the entry permit. These conditions limit the number of visitors, minimize their impact, and generate revenues needed for future conservation efforts in this region.

The trekking route stays mostly on the valley floor, though it may traverse the ridge during the occasional rainy period, which raises the level of the river. The horses provide uphill assistance, but must be dismounted for descending. Without substantially high passes (nothing over 5.000 meters) this is not too physically demanding as a trek, and it has the added advantage of a very long season, due to the lack of monsoon rains or high pass crossings.

Mustang's capital "city" is Lo Manthang, a magical place imbibed with centuries of rugged history. Set on a broad plateau, the town deserves its name, which translates from Tibetan as "plain of inspiration". The Raja, or King, lives in his palace in the center, while the four major temples form the corners of town. Lo Manthang and the surrounding area are usually savored for a day or two before heading back down toward Jomosom.

 
 
Itinerary
  Start place Altitude Camping place Altitude Remarks
Day 01 Kathmandu 1.400m Pokhara 900m by air
Day 02 Pokhara 900m Pokhara-Jomoson-Kagbeni 2.800m by air
Day 03 Kagbeni 2.800m Chhuksang 2.950m -
Day 04 Chhuksang 2.950m Samar 3.540m -
Day 05 Samar 3.540m Geling 3.520m -
Day 06 Geling 3.520m Tramar 3.800m -
Day 07 Tramar 3.800m Tsarang 3.580m -
Day 08 Tsarang 3.580m Lhomantang 3.750m -
Day 09 Rest Day Lhomantang- 3.750m -
Day 10 Lhomantang 3.750m Lhomantang- 3.750m -
Day 11 Lhomantang 3.750m Dhie 3.360m -
Day 12 Dhie 3.360m Yara 3.760m -
Day 13 Yara 3.760m Tange 3.320m -
Day 14 Tange 3.320m Tetang 3.050m -
Day 15 Tetang 3.050m Muktinath 3.650m -
Day 16 Muktinath 3.650m Jomosom 2.700m -
Day 17 Jomosom 2.700m Pokhara-Kathmandu 1.400m by air
 
Highlights
  • Mountain flight to Jomosom and versa
  • Muktinath - holy place for Hindu and Buddhist
  • Kali Gandaki: deepest gorge of the world
  • Pewa lake Pokhara
  • Upper Kali Gandaki valley
  • Tibetan plateau
  • Kingdom of Lhomantang